As a foundation and pillar industry of the national economy, China Drying Network News has achieved remarkable achievements in the petroleum and chemical industries in the past decade.
First of all, Chinaâ€™s economic aggregate has risen rapidly, and the output value of the chemical industry has ranked first in the world in recent years. In 2011, the petrochemical industry achieved a total output value of 11.8 trillion yuan, an increase of 31.5% year-on-year. The total amount of chemical industry surpassed that of the United States, ranking first in the world, and the petrochemical industry leaped to second place in the world.
Second, the rapid expansion of the economy has led to the formation of a complete and strong industrial system. In 2011, there were a total of 27,000 companies in the domestic petrochemical industry above the designated size, with 6.95 million employees and a total asset value of 7.95 trillion yuan.
Again, the petrochemical industry has made major breakthroughs in technological innovation, providing a powerful impetus for the rapid development of the entire industry. In the past decade, the entire industry has conscientiously implemented scientific research on major projects, and has made remarkable achievements in attracting talents, re-innovation of technology, popularization and application of scientific and technological achievements, and the use of advanced technologies to transform traditional industries. During this period, the petrochemical industry won two national first prizes for scientific and technological advancement, 42 national technology inventors, 80 national technological progress awards, 116 industrial technology invention awards, and 1,160 scientific and technological progress awards.
In addition, the entire industry pays great attention to structural adjustment and the effect of industrial agglomeration is remarkable. According to the high scientific research of petrochemical industry products and the long industrial chain, the domestic petrochemical industry has accelerated industrial restructuring and vigorously developed circular economy in the past decade.
At present, there are more than 60 large-scale chemical parks above the provincial level in China, forming 14 large-scale oil refining and petrochemical enterprises bases of 10 million tons, five million-ton-grade vinyl fields, and three major phosphate fertilizer industry areas in Yungui, Qinghai and Xinjiang Potash Fertilizer Production Base and a number of new energy and chemical industrial bases have clearly optimized the industrial structure. The proportion of high-energy-consuming enterprises is declining, and the proportion of fine chemicals and specialty chemicals has increased. The product structure has rapidly become functional, differentiated, and high-end development, and some backward products have been eliminated in a planned and step-by-step manner.
Fifth, extensive international cooperation has been carried out and the achievements of opening to the outside world have been remarkable. In recent years, the domestic petrochemical industry has closely followed the pace of the global economy and strived to surpass the advanced world level. Since 2005, the industryâ€™s import trade has grown at an average annual rate of 29%, and trade activities have involved more than 200 countries and regions.
In 2011, the total import and export volume of the domestic petrochemical industry reached US$607 billion, and US$180 billion in total foreign capital was used. The worldâ€™s top 500 largest petrochemical companies have invested in factories in China. At present, there are 2,500 domestic petrochemical foreign companies.
Sixth, corporate reforms are in the ascendant and the institutional transformation has achieved remarkable results. In the past ten years, China has adopted the strategy of â€œgrand bases for large corporations and large corporationsâ€ to speed up the rational flow of production factors across regions and industries. It has formed a large number of large-scale enterprise groups that are highly motivated and closely linked, and seven companies have entered the world. the 500 strongest. At the same time, private enterprises have sprung up and developed rapidly. In 2011, the total non-public economy in the industry reached 5.65 trillion yuan, an increase of 34.9% year-on-year.
There is, the domestic petrochemical industry attaches great importance to energy-saving emission reduction, energy conservation and environmental protection, and earnestly fulfill their social responsibilities. In the past decade, while the domestic petrochemical industry has developed at a high speed, it has made energy saving and emission reduction, environmental protection, and â€œthree wastesâ€ treatment the focus of its survival and development, and has achieved good economic and social benefits.
In 2011, the industrial energy consumption per million in the whole industry fell by 44.6% compared to 2006, and the industrial wastewater discharge, chemical oxygen uptake, and ammonia nitrogen emissions dropped by 8.3%, 7.9%, and 41.2%, respectively, and the compliance rate of industrial wastewater discharge and sulfur dioxide Emissions compliance rate, utilization rate of industrial solid waste, etc., have all increased by more than 10 percentage points over 2000.
In the past ten years, the extraordinary speed of development of the petrochemical industry has given us four lessons. First, we must unswervingly implement the scientific concept of development. Second, we must unswervingly implement reform and opening up. Third, we must unswervingly implement scientific and technological innovation. Strategy; Fourth, we must build a high-quality workforce.
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